Joana Carneiro conducts Verdi's Requiem with Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra and Choir with soloists Julianna Di Giacomo (soprano), Karen Cargill (mezzo-soprano), Steve Davislim (tenor) and Henning von Schulman (bass). Concert master is Vlad Stanculeasa. Recorded in Gothenburg Concert Hall on March 15, 2015.
Requiem, also called Requiem Mass, Italian in full Messa da requiem per l'anniversario della morte di Manzoni 22 maggio 1874 ("Requiem Mass for the Anniversary of the Death of Manzoni May 22, 1874"), requiem mass by Giuseppe Verdi, intended as a memorial to a departed hero – the poet, playwright, and novelist Alessandro Manzoni. Requiem premiered in Milan on May 22, 1874. It is Verdi's largest-scale nonoperatic work.
The leading Italian writer of the 1800s, Manzoni played the role in Italy that Goethe had for an earlier generation of Germans: that of the country's literary soul. On May 22, 1873, when Manzoni passed away, all Italy mourned. Verdi, in a letter to his publisher, expressed a wish to write something in memory of Manzoni. Determined to conduct the work himself on the first anniversary of Manzoni's death, Verdi arranged with the city of Milan that the premiere would take place in San Marco. Requiem premiered on schedule to massive public acclaim. The performance at San Marco was followed by three more at La Scala.
In the opening "Requiem Aeternam", "Te Decet Hymnus", and "Kyrie" sections, Verdi gradually builds up energy on flowing lines of imitative polyphony.
The second movement, which has 10 sections, begins with a "Dies Irae" that spans roughly half an hour by itself. It opens with strident brass, swirling strings and the tumultuous fury of the chorus's lines. For the "Tuba Mirum" portion, the solo trumpet grows to a trumpet ensemble as the composer evokes the trumpet that on Judgment Day calls forth the dead from their graves. Also of note in this movement are the virtuosic use of the vocal quartet in the "Rex Tremendae" section and the tenor aria in the "Ingemisco".
The "Offertorio" (third movement) sets the chorus aside in favour of the vocal quartet, though the chorus returns in force for the "Sanctus" (fourth movement). The "Agnus Dei" (fifth movement) begins with the soprano and mezzo-soprano in lullaby-like a capella lines, before being joined gently by the chorus and orchestra. The "Lux Aeterna" (sixth movement) combines the mezzo-soprano not with the soprano, but rather with the tenor and bass, as shimmering string tremolos seek to capture the sense of that eternal light.
For the seventh and final movement, "Libera Me", Verdi provides assertive lines for the solo soprano, while the chorus is set in a far more soft-spoken fashion, at least until the return of the tempest of sound that is the "Dies Irae". The "Requiem Aeternam" of the first movement is also repeated. In the final section of the work, Verdi layers the choral parts into a restless fugue.
Betsy Schwarm (britannica.com)
Verdi completed his Requiem Mass in April 1874 and conducted the first performance on May 22, 1874, at the church of San Marco in Milan. The work is scored for solo quartet, mixed chorus, and an orchestra consisting of three flutes and piccolo, two oboes, two clarinets, four bassoons, four horns, four trumpets (with four additional trumpets offstage), three trombones and tuba (replacing the obsolete ophicleide), timpani, bass drum, and strings.
Ένθερμος θαυμαστής του κορυφαίου Ιταλού συγγραφέα και υποστηρικτή της ενοποίησης της Ιταλίας Αλεσσάντρο Μαντσόνι, ο οποίος πέθανε στο Μιλάνο το 1873, ο μεγάλος συνθέτης Τζουζέπε Βέρντι τον τίμησε συνθέτοντας ένα ρέκβιεμ για μεγάλη συμφωνική ορχήστρα, κουαρτέτο μονωδών και διπλή χορωδία, που έγινε αποδεκτό με ενθουσιασμό παρά τις επιφυλάξεις κάποιων για την οπερατική θεατρικότητά του. Έργο μεγάλης πνοής, το Ρέκβιεμ του αγνωστικιστή Βέρντι ανήκει στην ίδια ομάδα θρησκευτικών έργων κοσμικού χαρακτήρα με το Ρέκβιεμ του Μπερλιόζ και το Γερμανικό Ρέκβιεμ του Μπραμς. Παρά την αρχική επιτυχία, το Ρέκβιεμ ξεχάστηκε γρήγορα και μόνο μετά τον Μεσοπόλεμο ανασύρθηκε από την αφάνεια και εντάχθηκε στο βασικό ρεπερτόριο.
Τη Συμφωνική Ορχήστρα και Χορωδία του Γκέτεμποργκ διευθύνει η βραβευμένη Πορτογαλίδα αρχιμουσικός Joana Carneiro. Συμπράττουν οι σολίστες: Julianna Di Giacomo (υψίφωνος), Karen Cargill (μεσόφωνος), Steve Davislim (τενόρος) και Henning von Schulman (μπάσος). Η συναυλία δόθηκε στο Μέγαρο Μουσικής του Γκέτεμποργκ στις 15 Μαρτίου 2015.
Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901)
♪ Messa da Requiem (1874)
i. Introit and Kyrie (chorus, soloists)
ii. Dies irae
Dies irae (chorus)
Tuba mirum (chorus)
Mors stupebit (bass)
Liber scriptus (mezzo-soprano, chorus)
Quid sum miser (soprano, mezzo-soprano, tenor)
Rex tremendae (soloists, chorus)
Recordare (soprano, mezzo-soprano)
Confutatis (bass, chorus)
Lacrymosa (soloists, chorus)
Domine Jesu Christe (soloists)
iv. Sanctus (double chorus)
v. Agnus Dei (soprano, mezzo-soprano, chorus)
vi. Lux aeterna (mezzo-soprano, tenor, bass)
vii. Libera me (soprano, chorus)
Julianna Di Giacomo, soprano
Karen Cargill, mezzo-soprano
Steve Davislim, tenor
Henning von Schulman, bass
Gothenburg Symphony Chorus & Orchestra
Conductor: Joana Carneiro
Gothenburg Concert Hall, March 15, 2015
First publication: May 3, 2015 – Last update: May 2, 2017
Noted for her vibrant performances in a wide diversity of musical styles, the Portuguese conductor Joana Carneiro (b. 1976) has attracted considerable attention as one of the most outstanding young conductors working today. In 2009, she was named Music Director of Berkeley Symphony, succeeding Kent Nagano and becoming only the third music director in the 40-year history of the orchestra. She also currently serves as official guest conductor of the Gulbenkian Orchestra, working there at least four weeks every year. In January 2014 she was appointed Principal Conductor of the Orquesta Sinfonica Portuguesa.
Carneiro's growing guest-conducting career continues to develop very quickly. In 2014-2015 she made her debut at the English National Opera conducting the world stage premiere of John Adams's The Gospel According to the Other Mary. She also conducted Adams's A Flowering Tree at the Gothenburg Opera, made debuts with the Orchestre National de Lyon and the Helsingborg Symphony, and returned to the Gothenburg, Malmö, Gävle and Swedish Radio symphonies. In 2015-2016 Joana undertakes her seventh season as Music Director of the Berkeley Symphony, where she has captivated audiences with her commanding stage presence and adventurous programming that has highlighted the works of several prominent contemporary composers, including John Adams, Esa-Pekka Salonen, Brett Dean, Kaija Saariaho and Gabriela Lena Frank. She continues to be sought after for contemporary programmes, and she will return to London in spring 2016 to conduct Van der Aa's Book of Disquiet with the London Sinfonietta, and a production of La Passion de Simone at the Ojai Festival. Joana also works regularly with singer/song-writer Rufus Wainwright, and will conduct his orchestral programme in Lisbon and Hong Kong in 2015-2016.
International recent and future highlights include appearances with the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France, Ensemble Orchestral de Paris, Orchestra de Bretagne, Norrköping Symphony, Norrlands Opera Orchestra, Residentie Orkest/Hague, Prague Philharmonia, Malmo Symphony, National Orchestra of Spain and the Orchestra Sinfonica del Teatro la Fenice at the Venice Biennale, as well as the Hong Kong Philharmonic, Macau Chamber Orchestra and Beijing Orchestra at the International Music Festival of Macau. In the Americas, she has led the Los Angeles Philharmonic, Toronto Symphony, St. Paul Chamber Orchestra, Detroit Symphony, Colorado Symphony, Indianapolis Symphony, Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra, New World Symphony and São Paulo State Symphony. In 2010, Carneiro led performances of Peter Sellars's stagings of Stravinsky's Oedipus Rex and Symphony of Psalms at the Sydney Festival, which won Australia's Helpmann Award for Best Symphony Orchestra Concert in 2010. She conducted a linked project at the New Zealand Festival in 2011, and as a result was immediately invited to work with the Sydney Symphony and New Zealand Symphony orchestras on subscription. In 2011, she led a ballet production of Romeo and Juliet with Companhia Nacional de Bailado in Portugal.
Increasingly in demand as an opera conductor, Carneiro made her Cincinnati Opera debut in 2011 conducting John Adams's A Flowering Tree, which she also debuted with the Chicago Opera Theater and at La Cité de la Musique in Paris. In the 2008-09 season, she served as assistant conductor to Esa-Pekka Salonen at the Paris Opera's premiere of Adriana Mater by Kaija Saariaho and led critically-acclaimed performances of Philippe Boesmans's Julie in Bolzano, Italy.
As a finalist of the prestigious 2002 Maazel-Vilar Conductor's Competition at Carnegie Hall, Carneiro was recognized by the jury for demonstrating a level of potential that holds great promise for her future career. In 2003-2004, she worked with Maestros Kurt Masur and Christoph von Dohnanyi and conducted the London Philharmonic Orchestra, as one of the three conductors chosen for London's Allianz Cultural Foundation International Conductors Academy. From 2002 to 2005, she served as Assistant Conductor of the L.A. Chamber Orchestra and as Music Director of the Young Musicians Foundation Debut Orchestra of Los Angeles. From 2005 through 2008, she was an American Symphony Orchestra League Conducting Fellow at the Los Angeles Philharmonic, where she worked closely with Esa-Pekka Salonen and led several performances at Walt Disney Concert Hall and the Hollywood Bowl.
A native of Lisbon, she began her musical studies as a violist before receiving her conducting degree from the Academia Nacional Superior de Orquestra in Lisbon, where she studied with Jean-Marc Burfin. Carneiro received her Masters degree in orchestral conducting from Northwestern University as a student of Victor Yampolsky and Mallory Thompson, and pursued doctoral studies at the University of Michigan, where she studied with Kenneth Kiesler. She has participated in master classes with Gustav Meier, Michael Tilson Thomas, Larry Rachleff, Jean Sebastian Bereau, Roberto Benzi and Pascal Rophe.
Carneiro is the 2010 recipient of the Helen M. Thompson Award, conferred by the League of American Orchestras to recognize and honor music directors of exceptional promise. In 2004, Carneiro was decorated by the President of the Portuguese Republic, Mr. Jorge Sampaio, with the Commendation of the Order of the Infante Dom Henrique.
Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra – All the posts
Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem – Tamara Wilson, Alisa Kolosova, Dimitri Pittas, Morris Robinson, BBC Proms Youth Choir, Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, Marin Alsop
Giuseppe Verdi: Messa da Requiem – Michèle Crider, Markella Hatziano, Gabriel Sadé, Robert Lloyd, London Symphony Chorus & Orcherstra, Richard Hickox (Audio video)
Giuseppe Verdi: String Quartet in E minor (version for a string orchestra), Ave Maria (1880), "Libera me" from Requiem, Four Sacred Pieces – Maria Agresta, Antonio Pappano