Norwegian Chamber Orchestra

Norwegian Chamber Orchestra
Norwegian Chamber Orchestra (Photo by Mona Ødegaard)

Thursday, June 15, 2017

Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony No.6 in F major "Pastoral" – Wiener Philharmoniker, Christian Thielemann (HD 1080p)

Christian Thielemann, one of the most recognized conductors of our time, joins forces with the prestigious Wiener Philharmoniker and Unitel Classica, the world's leading audiovisual production company for classical music, in a monumental project: BEETHOVEN 9, the recording of all nine symphonies by Ludwig van Beethoven for TV, DVD and New Media: the "Beethoven cycle of the 21st century"!

Using the newest technology of our century, Unitel Classica and Austrian Television (ORF) produce this "super-cycle" in the Golden Hall of Vienna's Musikverein in HD and 5.0 Surround Sound. BEETHOVEN 9 kicked off in December 2008 with the recording of the First and Second Symphonies.

BEETHOVEN 9 brings to a new climax the longstanding collaboration between Thielemann, who enjoys a sterling reputation as an interpreter of Beethoven and the German Romantics, and the Wiener Philharmoniker, which has been cultivating the music of Beethoven since its founding nearly 170 years ago and is one of the few great orchestras to have preserved its unique sound. Unitel Classica can look back on more than 40 years of collaboration with the Wiener Philharmoniker and on its pioneering cycles of Beethoven's symphonic works with Herbert von Karajan and Leonard Bernstein.

Ο Κρίστιαν Τίλεμαν, ένας μαέστρος που δεν φοβάται να χαρακτηριστεί παραδοσιακός ή και ρομαντικός, καταθέτει το προσωπικό του όραμα για τον Μπετόβεν, σεβόμενος παράλληλα την ερμηνευτική παράδοση που καλλιεργείται στη Βιένη τα τελευταία 160 χρόνια και την οποία η γενιά της λεγόμενης «ιστορικής ερμηνείας» έχει θέσει υπό αμφισβήτηση.

Ο Μπετόβεν έγραψε την Έκτη («Ποιμενική») Συμφωνία του για να υμνήσει την εξοχή, εμπνεόμενος από το Χάιλιγκενσταντ, το επαρχιακό καταφύγιό του κοντά στη Βιένη. Εγκαταστάθηκε εκεί μετά από σύσταση ενός από τους γιατρούς του, με την ελπίδα ότι αυτό θα βελτίωνε την ακοή του. Η χαρά, που αρχικά ένιωσε μέσα στο φυσικό περιβάλλον, δεν άργησε να υποχωρήσει μπροστά στην απόγνωσή του όταν συνειδητοποίησε ότι η ακοή του δεν θα βελτιωνόταν.

Η Έκτη Συμφωνία δεν είναι τόσο δραματική ή μεγαλειώδης όσο η Πέμπτη, αλλά από πολλές απόψεις είναι εξίσου επαναστατική. Ο Μπετόβεν άνοιξε νέους δρόμους συνθέτοντας πέντε μέρη αντί για τα παραδοσιακά τέσσερα και ενώνοντας τα τελευταία τρία μέρη, τα οποία εκτελούνται χωρίς διακοπή. Πλημμυρισμένη από δυνατά και κάποιες φορές αντικρουόμενα συναισθήματα, είναι επίσης η πρώτη αμιγώς «προγραμματική» Συμφωνία, όπου η μουσική περιγράφει μια σειρά σκηνών ή συμβάντων. Στην περίπτωση αυτή είναι η εξοχή από όπου η Συμφωνία πήρε και το όνομά της.


Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)

♪ Symphony No.6 in F major, Op. 68 "Pastoral" (1808)

i. Allegro ma non troppo (Awakening of happy feelings on arriving in the country)
ii. Andante molto moto (Scene by the Brook)
iii. Allegro (Peasant's merrymaking)
iv. Allegro (The storm)
v. Allegretto (Shepherds' song. Joyous thanksgiving after the storm)

Wiener Philharmoniker
Conductor: Christian Thielemann

Wiener Musikverein, April 2010

(HD 1080p)

Uploaded on Youtube for the Blog "Faces of Classical Music"

For roughly 175 years, the music appreciation racket has told us that Beethoven composed symphonies in contrasting odd-even pairs after 1803, none more startling than the heaven-storming Fifth and bucolic Sixth. Originally, however, he assigned the designation of "No.5" to the Pastoral for their shared debut on surely the most historic night in Western music, December 22, 1808. Beginning at 6:30 p.m. in the unheated Theater an der Wien, he premiered both symphonies, the Fourth Piano Concerto, "Choral" Fantasy, "Ah! perfido!" (a concert aria from 1796), and introduced a Viennese audience to excerpts from the C major Mass, an Esterházy commission of 1807 that Prince Nicolaus II disliked when he heard it.

Beethoven began making specific notes for a "Sinfonia pastorale" in 1806, but didn't complete the work until 1808, in the village of Heiligenstadt northwest of Vienna. If this had been an unlikely hatchery in 1807 for the fist-brandishing Fifth Symphony, it perfectly suited – as he noted in his sketchbook – "recollections of country life... more the expression of feeling than of painting" in his ensuing woodwind-drenched symphony (although violins get first crack at nine of its 12 significant themes).

"Cheerful impressions wakened by arrival in the country" (Allegro ma non troppo, in F major, 2/4) is the first movement. It is in sonata form, pretty much by the book, with violins introducing all themes. The second-movement "Scene by the brook" (Andante molto moto, in B flat major and 12/8 time) is a Sonata structure again, but more relaxed, with a limpid main theme for violins and a bassoon sub-theme. In the coda, the flute impersonates a nightingale, the oboe a quail, and the clarinet a cuckoo. The third movement, "Merry gathering of country folk" (Allegro, 3/4 time, F major), is an expanded song-and-trio, with a 2/4 section in "tempo d'Allegro" that creates the effect of an ABCABCA structure, leading without pause to the fourth movement, "Thunderstorm; tempest" (Allegro; F minor, 4/4). From the first raindrop to last, this is purely depictive music. It is followed by a 10-bar chorale that segues the final "Shepherd's song; glad and grateful tidings after the storm" (Allegretto; F major, 6/8), a sonata-rondo, whose C-section some have called a development section. The fun includes a sly parody of amateur musicians before the long, progressively tranquil coda that ends with a pianistic gesture: two fortissimo chords.

Source: Roger Dettmer (

See also

Ludwig van Beethoven: The Nine Symphonies, Coriolan & Egmont Overtures – Wiener Philharmoniker, Christian Thielemann (HD 1080p)

Staatskapelle Dresden. New Year's Eve Concert 2015 – Lang Lang, Rinat Shaham, Lucas Meachem, Christian Thielemann (HD 1080p)

Richard Strauss: Four Last Songs & Alpine Symphony – Anja Harteros, Staatskapelle Dresden, Christian Thielemann

Wagner Birthday Gala – Jonas Kaufmann, Staatskapelle Dresden, Christian Thielemann (HD 1080p)

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