Krzysztof Penderecki

Krzysztof Penderecki
Krzysztof Penderecki (1933-2020) conducting his oratorio "Seven Gates of Jerusalem" at the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, in 2001. Photo by Dmitry Lovetsky

Sunday, September 07, 2014

Dmitri Shostakovich: Cello Concerto No.2 in G major – Mstislav Rostropovich, Prague Symphony Orchestra, Yevgeny Svetlanov (World premiere recording, Prague, December 6, 1967 – Audio video)

Dmitri Shostakovich, Mstislav Rostropovich

The Cello Concerto No.2 in G major, Op.126, was written by Dmitri Shostakovich in the spring of 1966 in the Crimea. Like the first concerto, it was written for Mstislav Rostropovich, who gave the premiere in Moscow under Yevgeny Svetlanov on 25 September 1966 at the composer's 60th birthday concert. Sometimes the Concerto is listed as being in the key of G, but the score gives no such indication. Along with the Eleventh String Quartet, the Preface to the Complete Works, and the Seven Romances on Texts by Alexander Blok, the Second Cello Concerto signaled the beginning of Shostakovich's late period style.

Like the Fourth Symphony and Ninth String Quartet before it and the Fifteenth Symphony after it, the Second Cello Concerto gave Shostakovich some problems in the compositional stages. The opening Largo, for example, was originally conceived to be the start of a new symphony. Shostakovich later abandoned this idea, however, and reworked this movement into its present form. The finale also gave the composer considerable trouble. He confessed to Mstislav Rostropovich, the Concerto's dedicatee, that he had a finale completely written out but decided to scrap that version and supplant it with the one we know today because he felt that his original finale was weak. Shostakovich also allowed Rostropovich to make a few changes to the concerto's cadenzas.

The Concerto is scored for solo cello, one piccolo, one flute, two oboes, two clarinets (each doubling B flat and A), two bassoons, contrabassoon (doubling 3rd bassoon), two horns, timpani, slapstick, wood block, tom-tom, tambourine, snare drum, bass drum, xylophone, two harps (always in unison as indicated on the score), and strings.


Το Κοντσέρτο για βιολοντσέλο αρ. 2 σε Σολ μείζονα, έργο 126, γράφτηκε από τον Ντμίτρι Σοστακόβιτς την άνοιξη του 1966 στην Κριμαία. Όπως και το Πρώτο Κοντσέρτο για βιολοντσέλο, γράφτηκε για τον Μστισλάβ Ροστροπόβιτς ο οποίος το ερμήνευσε για πρώτη φορά στη Μόσχα στις 25 Σεπτεμβρίου του 1966, ημέρα εορτασμού των εξηκοστών γενεθλίων του συνθέτη. Μαζί με το Ενδέκατο Κουαρτέτο Εγχόρδων (έργο 122), το Preface to the Complete Works (έργο 123) και τα Επτά Ειδύλλια σε ποιήματα του Alexander Blok (έργο 127), το Δεύτερο Κοντσέρτο για βιολοντσέλο σηματοδότησε την αρχή της ώριμης περιόδου του Σοστακόβιτς.

Το Δεύτερο Κοντσέρτο για βιολοντσέλο σε Σολ μείζονα, έργο 126, του Ντμίτρι Σοστακόβιτς, ερμηνεύει ο Μστισλάβ Ροστροπόβιτς. Τη Συμφωνική Ορχήστρα της Πράγας διευθύνει ο Εβγκένι Σβετλάνοφ.


Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975)

♪ Cello Concerto No.2 in G major, Op.126 (1966)

i. Largo
ii. Allegretto
iii. Allegretto

Mstislav Rostropovich, cello

Prague Symphony Orchestra
Conductor: Yevgeny Svetlanov

Prague, December 6, 1967 (Live)


World premiere recording, First ever released recording

Supraphon Archiv 2013

(HD 1080p – Audio video)

First publication: September 7, 2014 – Last update: June 6, 2017

See also

Dmitri Shostakovich – All the posts

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.