Krzysztof Penderecki

Krzysztof Penderecki
Krzysztof Penderecki (1933-2020) conducting his oratorio "Seven Gates of Jerusalem" at the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, in 2001. Photo by Dmitry Lovetsky

Saturday, April 18, 2015

Ottorino Respighi: Violin Sonata in B minor – Leonidas Kavakos, Yuja Wang

Leonidas Kavakos and Yuja Wang, a superstar duo at Carnegie Hall.

Violinist Leonidas Kavakos (the youngest winner of the Sibelius Violin Competition) and pianist Yuja Wang (star of the piano at only 27) are brilliant as soloists on the international stage. For a few months now, they have been giving concerts together around the world and have recorded a CD of Brahms sonatas for violin and piano, released by Decca in March 2014. In London, Robert Matthew-Walker wrote, "Wang is superb and Kavakos is violinistically impeccable, sustaining Brahms's lines perfectly with every note dead in tune [...] The result is a great performance".

Source: (2014)

Ο διεθνούς φήμης βιολονίστας Λεωνίδας Καβάκος και η διάσημη Κινέζα πιανίστρια Γιούτζα Ουάνγκ ερμηνεύουν τη Σονάτα για βιολί σε Σι ελάσσονα, του Ιταλού συνθέτη Οτορίνο Ρεσπίγκι. Η συναυλία δόθηκε στο Κάρνεγκι Χολ στη Νέα Υόρκη στις 23 Νοεμβρίου 2014.

[At present, this video is unavailable]

Ottorino Respighi (1879-1936)

♪ Violin Sonata in B minor, P.110 (1916-1917)

i. Moderato
ii. Andante espressivo
iii. Allegro moderato ma energico

Leonidas Kavakos, violin
Yuja Wang, piano

Carnegie Hall, New York, November 23, 2014

(HD 720p)

First publication: April 18, 2015  Last update: September 19, 2016

Ottorino Respighi, New York, 1928
Mostly known for his richly descriptive symphonic poems Fontane di Roma (The Fountains of Rome) and Pini di Roma (The Pines of Rome), Respighi was a versatile composer who translated into music powerful visual experiences and feelings of deep attachment to cherished places. Respighi's symphonic works are praised primarily for their exquisite orchestration, but these compositions also possess a charm which transcends the merely picturesque. This charm is particularly evident in works inspired by Medieval and Renaissance music, such as Ancient Airs and Dances for orchestra.

Born in 1879, Respighi studied from 1891 to 1900 at the Liceo Musicale in Bologna. In 1900 and 1902, he traveled to Russia, where he played the viola in the Imperial Orchestra in St. Petersburg. During his two extended visits to Russia, Respighi studied with Rimsky-Korsakov, absorbing the Russian master's ideas regarding orchestral color. In 1903, Respighi turned to a career of a concert violinist; he also played chamber music, joining Bologna's Mugellini Quartet as a violist. During the early 1900s, Respighi started writing music, but his compositions (chamber and orchestral works) attracted little attention. In 1908-1909, he was in Berlin, where he immersed himself in German musical culture. In 1913, Respighi settled in Rome, accepting a composition professorship at the Liceo (subsequently Conservatorio) di Santa Cecilia. Enchanted by Rome, Respighi found inspiration in the city's unique atmosphere and consequently formulated an original, personal musical language, exemplified by Fontane di Roma (Fountains of Rome), written in 1914-1916.

Respighi's next project was a children's opera, La bella dormente nel bosco (Sleeping Beauty), finished in 1921, and regarded as his best stage work. After the Fontane di Roma, Respighi sought inspiration in early music, introducing Renaissance and Medieval themes into his compositions. In 1917, he composed the first set of his Antiche arie e danze per liuto (&Ancient Airs and Dances for Lute), for piano duet and strings. The second and third sets, for strings, were composed in 1923 and 1931, respectively. Sometimes regarded as adaptations, these compositions nevertheless exude a unique freshness and sincerity.

Works composed in the 1920s reflected both Respighi's fascination with early music and his desire to translate visual sensations into music. Thus, the Concerto gregoriano for violin and orchestra, composed in 1921, and Quartetto dorico, written in 1924, evoke the spirit of ancient music, while The Pines of Rome describes the splendor of the Roman landscape.

In 1924, Respighi was named director of the Conservatorio di Santa Cecilia, resigning, however, two years later, so he would have more time to compose. Nevertheless, this period included two American tours, in 1925-1926 and 1932, as a conductor and pianist. He also accompanied singers, including his wife, Elsa Olivieri-Sangiacomo, who was also a composer. Works composed during this period include Vetrate di chiesa (Church Windows), for orchestra, written in 1925, and the Trittico botticelliano (Three Botticelli Pictures), composed in 1927 – a work inspired by three paintings by the great Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli. Composed in 1928-1930, Respighi's Lauda per la Nativita del Signore, for two pianos, wind ensembles, vocal soloists, and chorus, develops Renaissance motifs to create a charming, serene celebration of the spirit of Christmas. Elected to the Royal Academy of Italy in 1932, Respighi died in 1936.

Source: Zoran Minderovic (

Ο Οτορίνο Ρεσπίγκι γεννήθηκε στη Μπολόνια στις 9 Ιουλίου 1879. Σπούδασε βιολί, βιόλα, πιάνο και σύνθεση στη γενέτειρά του, με δάσκαλο τον Τζουζέπε Μαρτούτσι και αργότερα μαθήτευσε κοντά στον Νικολάι Ρίμσκι-Κόρσακοφ στην Αγία Πετρούπολη, όπου παράλληλα έπαιζε βιόλα στην ορχήστρα του αυτοκρατορικού θεάτρου. Ιδιοσυγκρασία εκλεκτική, ο Ρεσπίγκι αναδείχτηκε ικανότατος βιολονίστας, πιανίστας και διευθυντής ορχήστρας. Αφού έγινε γνωστός στις αρχές του 20ού αιώνα με έργα μουσικής δωματίου, φωνητικής και οργανικής, κατέλαβε το 1913 την έδρα της σύνθεσης στο Ωδείο της Αγίας Καικιλίας στη Ρώμη και αργότερα έγινε διευθυντής του (1923-1925). Μετά την παραίτησή του από τη διδασκαλία, επιδόθηκε στη σύνθεση και σε περιοδείες, δίνοντας συναυλίες σε όλο τον κόσμο, σε συνεργασία με τη σύζυγό του Έλσα Ολιβιέρι Σαντζάκομο. Το 1932 εξελέγη μέλος της ιταλικής Ακαδημίας. Η φήμη του οφείλεται κυρίως στα συμφωνικά ποιήματα «Οι κρήνες της Ρώμης» (1916), «Τα πεύκα της Ρώμης» (1924) και «Οι ρωμαϊκές γιορτές» (1928), στη σουίτα «Τα πουλιά» (1928) και στις τρεις σειρές μεταγραφών για ορχήστρα με τίτλο «Παλιοί χοροί και άριες για λαούτο». Στα έργα αυτά φαίνεται η πρωτοτυπία του Ρεσπίγκι, πρωταγωνιστή της μουσικής ανανέωσης στην Ιταλία, που πραγματοποιήθηκε με την επιστροφή στην παλιά ιταλική μουσική κληρονομιά. Επιπλέον, μεταξύ άλλων, συνέθεσε για το θέατρο τα μπαλέτα «Το φανταστικό μαγαζί» (1919) και «Βενετσιάνικο σκέρτσο» (1920) και τις όπερες «Σεμίραμις» (1910), «Μπελφαγκόρ» (1923), «Η βουλιαγμένη καμπάνα» (1927) και «Η φλόγα» (1934). Πέθανε στη Ρώμη στις 18 Απριλίου 1936.

See also

Johannes Brahms: The Violin Sonatas – Leonidas Kavakos, Yuja Wang (Audio video)

Johannes Brahms: Sonata for piano and violin No.2 in A major – Yuja Wang, Leonidas Kavakos

Maurice Ravel: Sonata for violin and piano No.1 in A minor – Leonidas Kavakos, Yuja Wang

Leonidas Kavakos, violin

Dmitri Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No.1 in A minor – Leonidas Kavakos, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Jakub Hrůša

Sergei Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No.2 in G minor – Leonidas Kavakos, Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra, Valery Gergiev (HD 1080p)

Sergei Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No.1 in D major – Leonidas Kavakos, Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra, Valery Gergiev (HD 1080p)

Yuja Wang, piano

Gautier Capuçon and Yuja Wang play Ludwig van Beethoven: Seven variations for Cello and Piano in E flat major on Mozart's "Bei Männern, welche Liebe fühlen" – Verbier Festival 2013

Gautier Capuçon and Yuja Wang play Dmitri Shostakovich, Sergei Rachmaninov and Astor Piazzolla – Verbier Festival 2013 (HD 1080p)

Frédéric Chopin: 24 Préludes, Op.28 – Yuja Wang (HD 1080p)

Béla Bartók: Piano Concerto No.1 in A major – Yuja Wang, Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Esa-Pekka Salonen

Sergei Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.3 in D minor | Sergei Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No.2 in G minor – Yuja Wang, Simón Bolívar Symphony Orchestra of Venezuela, Gustavo Dudamel (Audio video & Download 96kHz/24bit)

George Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue – Yuja Wang, Camerata Salzburg, Lionel Bringuier

Maurice Ravel: Piano Concerto in G major – Yuja Wang, Camerata Salzburg, Lionel Bringuier

George Gershwin: Piano Concerto in F major | Dmitri Shostakovich: Symphony No.5 in D minor – Yuja Wang, London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas

Sergei Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor – Yuja Wang, Verbier Festival Orchestra, Yuri Termikanov (HD 1080p)

Yuja Wang and the Art of Performance

Maurice Ravel: Piano Concertos – Yuja Wang, Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich, Lionel Bringuier (Audio video)

Sergei Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No.2 in G minor – Yuja Wang, Berliner Philharmoniker, Paavo Järvi

Yuja Wang plays Robert Schumann, Maurice Ravel and Ludwig van Beethoven at Verbier Festival 2016

Yuja Wang, the pianist who will not go quietly

Sergei Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No.3 in C major – Yuja Wang, Lucerne Festival Orchestra, Claudio Abbado

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