George Li

George Li
George Li (b. 1995), pianist – Second Prize (XV International Tchaikovsky Competition, 2015)

Monday, July 04, 2016

Astor Piazzolla: Primavera porteña – Salomé Chamber Orchestra, David Aaron Carpenter

Astor Piazzolla (11/03/1921 - 04/07/1992)

24η επέτειος από το θάνατό του / 24th anniversary of his death

Astor Piazzolla














Η ορχήστρα δωματίου Salomé, με επικεφαλής τον διάσημο Αμερικανό βιολίστα David Aaron Carpenter, ερμηνεύει από τις «Τέσσερεις Εποχές» ("Cuatro Estaciones Porteñas") του Άστορ Πιατσόλα, την «Άνοιξη στο Μπουένος Άιρες» ("Primavera porteña").

Ο Άστορ Πιατσόλα θεωρείται ο πιο σημαντικός συνθέτης του τάνγκο κατά το δεύτερο μισό του 20ού αιώνα. Οι συνθέσεις του έφεραν επανάσταση στο παραδοσιακό τάνγκο, ενσωματώνοντας σ' αυτό στοιχεία τζαζ και κλασικής μουσικής, και δημιούργησαν το nuevo tango (νέο τάνγκο). Ήταν επίσης σπουδαίος μπαντονεονίστας και συχνά ερμήνευε τις συνθέσεις του με διάφορα μουσικά σχήματα. Στην Αργεντινή είναι γνωστός ως "El Gran Ástor" («Ο Μέγας Άστορ»).














David Aaron Carpenter performs Astor Piazzolla's "Primavera porteña".

The Cuatro Estaciones Porteñas, also known as the Estaciones Porteñas or The Four Seasons of Buenos Aires, are a set of four tango compositions written by Ástor Piazzolla, which were originally conceived and treated as different compositions rather than one suite, although Piazzolla performed them together from time to time. The pieces were scored for his quintet of violin (viola), piano, electric guitar, double bass and bandoneón. By giving the adjective porteño, referring to those born in Buenos Aires, the Argentine capital city, Piazzolla gives an impression of the four seasons in Buenos Aires.

Source: en.wikipedia.org



The "Spring" installment of Astor Piazzolla's cycle devoted to the four seasons in the port area of Buenos Aires, Primavera porteña is a rather spiky way to begin the year, and it was one of the last works in the series to be written. As with its companion pieces, several arrangements exist. The tango launches boldly, without introduction, with an angular melody in the lead instrument (often bandoneón or piano), leaping sideways up and down the staff. Meanwhile, over the tango counterpart to a walking bass, whatever bowed instrument is at hand produces Piazzolla's trademark "chicharra" effect, a raspy, cricket-like sound generated when the bow is scraped over the wrapping of the third string. This accounts for the first 15 seconds of the six-minute piece. From here, the main theme passes among the instruments with tiny variations, the texture thickening, the intensity growing. A contrasting motif makes a brief appearance; it's really just an inversion of the main tune. At last, a true second section emerges after a pause. This is a slow melody, either bittersweet or mournful depending on the instrument that plays it; on bandoneón or violin it has a sad nostalgia reminiscent of Poulenc, whereas on cello it takes on even deeper, darker expression. Variants of the opening motif then regain control of the piece. Just as it seems to be reaching a rough, forceful climax, everything stops short for a quiet, tentative solo (often on piano), which builds with the rest of the ensemble into an assertive and curt coda.

Source: James Reel (allmusic.com)



Astor Piazzolla (1921-1992)

♪ Primavera porteña / Buenos Aires Spring (1970)

David Aaron Carpenter, viola

Salomé Chamber Orchestra

Salomé Music Festival at the Hamptons, Opening Night Gala, 2012

(HD 720p)


Astor Piazzolla, 1971
Ο Άστορ Πιατσόλα γεννήθηκε στις 11 Μαρτίου 1921 στο Μαρ ντελ Πλάτα της Αργεντινής, από γονείς μετανάστες από την Ιταλία. Πέρασε το μεγαλύτερο μέρος των παιδικών του χρόνων με την οικογένειά του στη Νέα Υόρκη, καθώς σε ηλικία τριών ετών έφυγε για την Αμερική σε μια εποχή όπου η τζαζ άρχισε να δίνει το στίγμα της αμερικανικής κουλτούρας. Αυτός ήταν και ένας λόγος που ο Άστορ επηρεάστηκε, όπως φάνηκε στα επόμενα χρόνια. Εκεί έμαθε να μιλά καλά τέσσερεις γλώσσες: ισπανικά, αγγλικά, γαλλικά και ιταλικά. Ο πατέρας του το 1934 του αγόρασε το πρώτο όργανο, ένα μπαντονεόν, για να τον ενθαρρύνει προς την μουσική. Το μπαντονεόν τον ανέδειξε γρήγορα σε παιδί-θαύμα. Έπειτα από αυτό ο δρόμος για τον Άστορ Πιατσόλα ήταν ανοικτός. Η γνωριμία του με τον Κάρλος Γαρδέλ (1890-1935), διάσημο τραγουδιστή του τάνγκο κατά το διάστημα του μεσοπολέμου, ο οποίος σκοτώθηκε σε αεροπορικό δυστύχημα στο απόγειο της καριέρας του, υπήρξε σταθμός στη ζωή του όταν μπήκε στην ορχήστρα του. Το 1990 έπαθε θρόμβωση στο Παρίσι και πέθανε δύο χρόνια αργότερα στο Μπουένος Άιρες (4 Ιουλίου 1992).



Astor Piazzolla was an Argentine bandoneon player, and tango composer. He was known for being the main proponent behind the evolution of Argentine Tango towards the innovative Neuvo Tango style.

Astor Pantaleón Piazzolla was born on 11th March 1921 in Mar del Plata, Argentina. When he was four years old, his parents moved to New York City and became busy with work. Thus the young Piazzolla was all by himself, listening to his father’s tango orchestra records of Julio de Caro and Carlos Gardel. When Piazzolla was eight years old, his father bought him his first bandoneon. In 1933, he started taking music lessons from Bela Rida, who taught Piazzolla the basics in music theory and composition. Rida also taught him how to play many of Bach's songs on the bandoneon. Piazzolla would even meet Carlos Gardel in 1934. Gardel was impressed by him and had invited Piazzolla to join him on a tour. Piazzolla's father was against the idea because of his son's young age, however, this proved to be a stroke of luck for the young boy, as Gardel's entire orchestra passed away in a plane crash on that very tour. In 1939, Piazzolla joined the orchestra of the famous Anibal Troilo, who would later on be known as the composer of the orquesta tipica. Piazzolla received a sizeable commission for his works with the orchestra, which he used to pay for his music lessons with Alberto Ginastera. Piazzolla graduated to arranging works for Anibal Troilo. He then started work with Francisco Fiorentino in 1944, with whom he wrote his first two instrumental tangos, "La Chiflada" and "Color de rosa". Piazzolla also wrote his "Preludio No.1 for Violin and Piano" and "Suite for Strings and Harps" around the same time. It was in 1946 when he formed his own orchestra named "Orquestra Tipica" with whom he composed "El Desbande". In 1954, he started formal training with the great Nadia Boulanger at the celebrated Fountainebleau Conservatory in Paris. During this time he learnt counterpoint while being exposed to various types of music, including the jazz of Gerry Mulligan. Then in 1955, Piazzolla formed the Orquesta de Cuesdas, with whom he introduced the revolutionary Nuevo tango style, which looked at harmony and melodic structure from a slightly different angle. One of his most famous tango's was written in homage to his late father and was named "Adios Nonino". In 1965, his album "El Tango" received considerable attention.

Astor Piazzolla also had great success writing film scores. He won the French Critics Cesar Award in Paris for "El Exilio de Gardel". He wrote for more than forty five films and released many more albums, the total number of which would exceed sixty. His works in Nuevo Tango and jazz made him one of the most prolific musicians of his time. He died on 4th July 1992.

Source: famouscomposers.net


David Aaron Carpenter (Photo by Akos Simon)
"David Aaron Carpenter plays the viola like a young god." — Jukka Isopuro, Helsinki Times

"A New Star at the forefront of Violists." — Manuel Brug, Die Welt

Recipient of the 2010 Avery Fisher Career Grant, and First Prize Winner of the Walter E. Naumburg Viola Competition, David Aaron Carpenter has emerged as one of the world’s leading young artists. He has been acclaimed by Die Welt as "A New Star at the Forefront of Violists"; by The Philadelphia Inquirer as "an overnight-star violist"; and by The Strad Magazine as a violist whose "soulful sound, committed playing and dazzling technique leaves little to desire". Since making his debut of the Walton Viola Concerto in 2005 with the Philadelphia Orchestra under Christoph Eschenbach, David has performed with leading musicians and orchestras in the United States and Europe. This past November, he made his debut in Germany with the Dresden Staatskapelle performing the Schnittke Viola Concerto. In 2008, he was Maxim Vengerov's last-minute replacement for performances of Benjamin Yusupov's Viola, Tango, Rock Concerto with the Lucerne Symphony Orchestra in Switzerland. He has performed in the United States at Carnegie Hall, Avery Fisher Hall, Chicago's Krannert Center, and San Francisco's Herbst Theatre, among other venues. In September, David released his first recording on the Ondine label of the Elgar Cello Concerto (arr. Lionel Tertis/Carpenter) and the Schnittke Viola Concerto with the Philharmonia Orchestra under Maestro Christoph Eschenbach. The disc received international acclaim and received numerous awards such as the Editor's Choice Award by Gramophone Magazine and Disc of the Month by The New Yorker. As a chamber musician, David has collaborated with renowned artists Emanuel Ax, Sarah Chang, Sol Gabetta, Leonidas Kavakos, Julian Rachlin, Dmitry Sitkovetsky, Jean-Yves Thibaudet, and Yuja Wang and performs regularly at the Schleswig-Holstein and Verbier Music Festivals.

David was born in New York in 1986 into a family of musical siblings. He began his musical studies on the violin at age six with Nicole DiCecco and later on the viola at the age of 11. He pursued both instruments at the pre-college divisions of the Juilliard and Manhattan Schools of Music in New York under the tutelage of Toby Appel, Lewis Kaplan, Isaac Malkin, and Christina Khimm. He continued his studies with world-renowned viola pedagogues Yuri Bashmet, Roberto Diaz, Nobuko Imai, Robert Mann, Pinchas Zukerman. In 2005, David was the First Prize winner of the Greenfield Young Artists Competition and in 2006 he won the highly coveted First Prize at the Walter E. Naumburg Viola Competition. David was presented with the Presidential Gold Medal at a performance in Washington's Kennedy Center subsequent to his winning the first ever Gold Award from the National Foundation for the Advancement of the Arts (NFAA). In June 2007, he became the first American protégé for the Rolex Mentor and Protégé Arts Initiative with mentor Pinchas Zukerman. In addition to his musical accomplishments, David received his A.B. degree in Political Science and International Relations from Princeton University in 2008.

Awards & Recognition:
Leonard Bernstein 2011 Award Winner
Winner of the 2010 Avery Fisher Career Grant
Winner of the Rolex Mentor and Protege Arts Initiative
First Prize Winner of the Naumburg Competition
First Ever Gold Prize at the NFAA
Gold Medal Award from the President of the United States

Source: davidaaroncarpenter.com


















































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