Το Κουαρτέτο Εγχόρδων αρ. 14 σε Ρε ελάσσονα, του Φραντς Σούμπερτ – γνωστό ως «Ο Θάνατος και η Κόρη» ("Der Tod und das Mädchen"), επειδή το Αντάντε του δεύτερου μέρους αποτελεί διασκευή του ομώνυμου λιντ του μεγάλου Αυστριακού συνθέτη του πρώιμου Ρομαντισμού –, θεωρείται ένα από τα κορυφαία δείγματα της μουσικής δωματίου.
Το Κουαρτέτο γράφτηκε τον Μάρτιο του 1824, λίγο καιρό αφότου ο Σούμπερτ έμαθε ότι πάσχει από σύφιλη και η υγεία του άρχισε να χειροτερεύει. Η πρεμιέρα του έργου δόθηκε στις 29 Ιανουαρίου 1826 στη Βιένη, στην οικία των Καρλ και Φραντς Χάκερ, που ήταν ερασιτέχνες βιολονίστες. Σε αυτήν την πρώτη παρουσίαση του έργου, πιθανώς να συμμετείχε στο κουαρτέτο και ο ίδιος ο Σούμπερτ, παίζοντας βιόλα.
Το Κουαρτέτο Εγχόρδων αρ. 14 σε Ρε ελάσσονα, του Φραντς Σούμπερτ, ερμηνεύει το διάσημο γαλλικό Κουαρτέτο Εγχόρδων Ébène. Η συναυλία δόθηκε στην εκκλησία του Βερμπιέρ στην Ελβετία, στο πλαίσιο του Φεστιβάλ του Βερμπιέρ, το 2008.
As morbid as it may seem today, preoccupation with death was quite fashionable in the nineteenth century. The Romantic movement in music, drama, art, and literature embraced the idea of death as transcendent and fulfilling rather than fearsome. Medical science was still in its infancy, and the only real cure for many illnesses was the end of life. Death was gentle. Death was peace. Death was an end to suffering.
In this light, Franz Schubert's own fascination with death was neither unusual nor inexplicable. In March 1824, having endured the symptoms of syphilis for nearly two years, he wrote, "Each night when I go to sleep, I hope never to wake again, and each morning serves only to recall the misery of the previous day".
Since the still-youthful composer was not yet consigned to the grave, he continued to develop his musical genius, and in this same month he completed the original version of the String Quartet in D minor, "Der Tod und das Mädchen" (Death and the Maiden). Based on the opening theme from his song of the same name (1817), this quartet clearly illustrates Schubert's sympathy, even longing, for death. By appropriating the music of the song, Schubert also imbues the quartet with the sentiments of the original text, in which Death urges a frightened maiden to trust him: he means her no harm, and she will sleep soundly in his arms.
This work is significant for several reasons. It is considered one of Schubert's finest chamber works, and it has always occupied a favored spot in the string quartet repertory. Its frankly programmatic content connects it with later nineteenth century works, in which structural concerns yielded to extramusical and dramatic influences. Finally, the quartet is a striking reminder to those who like to pigeonhole Schubert as a miniaturist or as a "song composer": it stands alongside the "Unfinished" Symphony and the Wanderer-Fantasie as a testament to his sense of large-scale organization and to the promise unfulfilled as a result of his early death.
Source: Rovi Staff (allmusic.com)
In 2008, the reputation of the Ébène Quartet was booming and the Verbier Festival invited the musicians to perform in the church.
The four musicians are former students of the Ysäye Quartet in the Paris Conservatoire. Pierre Colombet, Gabriel Le Magadure, Mathieu Herzog and Raphaël Merlin first met while studying at the Boulogne-Billancourt Conservatoire in 1999. Ten years after, they are considered as one of the best young French quartets for the quality of their musical touch.
The Ébène Quartet performed Schubert's String Quartet Death and the Maiden in which each movement carries a well-renowned musical theme.
Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
♪ String Quartet No.14 in D minor, D.810 "Death and the Maiden" (1824)
i. Allegro [00:44]*
ii. Andante con moto [13:10]
iii. Scherzo: Allegro molto [28:24]
iv. Presto [32:18]
Pierre Colombet, 1st violin
Gabriel Le Magadure, 2nd violin
Mathieu Herzog, viola
Raphaël Merlin, cello
Switzerland, Verbier Festival 2008
Σκηνοθεσία / Directed by Louise Narboni
* Χρόνος έναρξης του κάθε μέρους / Start time of each part
|Quatuor Ébène, 2015. Photo by Julien Mignot|
What began in 1999 as a distraction in the conservatory practice rooms for the four young French musicians has become a trademark of the Quatuor Ébène, and has generated lasting reverberations in the music scene. The four breathe new life into chamber music through their consistently direct, open-minded perspective on the works. Regardless of the genre, they approach the music with humility and respect. They change styles with gusto, and yet remain themselves: with all the passion that they experience for each piece, and which they bring to the stage and to their audiences directly and authentically.
There is no single word that describes their style: they've created their own. Their traditional repertoire does not suffer from their engagement with other genres; rather, their free association with diverse styles brings a productive excitement to their music. From the beginning, the complexity of their oeuvre has been greeted enthusiastically by audiences and critics.
After studies with the Quatuor Ysaÿe in Paris and with Gábor Takács, Eberhard Feltz and György Kurtág, the quartet had an unprecedented victory at the ARD Music Competition 2004. This marked the beginning of their rise, which has culminated in numerous prizes and awards.
The Quatuor Ébène's concerts are marked by a special élan. With their charismatic playing, their fresh approach to tradition and their open engagement with new forms, the musicians have been successful in reaching a wide audience of young listeners; they communicate their knowledge in regular master classes at the Conservatoire Paris and at the Colburn School in Los Angeles.
In 2005, the ensemble won the Belmont Prize of the Forberg-Schneider Foundation. Since then, the Foundation has worked closely with the musicians, making it possible for them to play priceless old Italian instruments from private collections.
The Quatuor Ébène's debut CD, featuring works by Haydn, was praised unanimously by critics. Further recordings of music by Bartók, Debussy and Fauré have won numerous awards, including the Gramophone Award, the ECHO Klassik and the Midem Classic Award. Their 2010 album Fiction and the accompanying DVD, a live recording of jazz arrangements, has only solidified their unique position in the chamber music scene. In 2013, the ensemble put out an acclaimed CD, Felix and Fanny, with works by Fanny Mendelssohn-Hensel and Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, which won a BBC Music Magazine Award. Their second crossover CD Brazil, a collaboration with Stacey Kent, appeared early in 2014.
Highlights of the 2015/2016 season include concerts in the Wigmore Hall in London, the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées Paris, Munich's Herkulessaal, and Carnegie Hall in New York, alongside numerous festival concerts in Prague and Bremen, among others.
Quatuor Ébène were the Prize Winner in Residence at the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Festival in the Summer of 2015.
|Gabriel Le Magadure|
Περισσότερες φωτογραφίες / More photos
Δείτε επίσης – Watch also
Franz Schubert: String Quartet No.14 in D minor "Death and the Maiden" – Meridian Ensemble String Quartet (HD 1080p)