Wednesday, April 19, 2017
Johann Sebastian Bach: Cello Suite No.4 in E flat major, BWV 1010 – Peter Schmidt
German-American cellist Peter Schmidt plays the Cello Suite No.4 in E flat major, BWV 1010, by Johann Sebastian Bach. Recorded in May 14, 2014 in Granera (Barcelona).
The Six Bach Suites for solo cello may be arranged according to their modern, galant dance movements into three pairs (Nos. 1 and 2 use Minuets, Nos. 3 and 4 Bourrées, and Nos. 5 and 6 Gavottes). They also form two sequences of three in terms of key and mood (major-minor-major), and the Suite in E flat major opens the second group of three. This second group goes beyond the first group of three in its contrapuntal density and in its sense of untrammeled imagination. So we encounter in the opening movement the use of a repetitive arpeggio to build complex phrases, as in the first suite. But here the sense of improvisatory fantasy is stronger: the arpeggio descends in a gradual figure and varies negligibly as it explores a range of keys. Bach alternates this descending arpeggio pattern with three wave-like cadenzas that rise and fall in a faster rhythm and gradually begin to sound more and more like the arpeggio figures, until both emerge in a triumphant E flat major. The broken-up texture and the structural ambition remind one of Bach's large, quasi-improvisatory organ pieces.
This extension and stretching of ideas from the earlier suites pervades the remainder of the fourth suite. The Allemande and Courante have simple lines, like those in the first suite, and the stately Sarabande seems like an optimistic take on its counterpart in the second suite. The Sarabande is noteworthy for its startlingly consistent maintenance of the texture of melody line with harmonic accompaniment – on a single cello! The main section of the double Bourrée seems to implement a call-and-response illusion with a single line, while the second section offers a lovely contrast with a limpid, quiet succession of quarter notes and textural simplicity. The quirky rhythms of the Gigue confirm that this is new ground, deeper in its multi-instrument contrapuntal illusions, more ambitious in scope and depth. And this finale in turn prepares us for the glories of the final two Suites.
Source: James Liu (allmusic.com)
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
♪ Cello Suite No.4 in E flat major, BWV 1010 (1717-1723)
i. Prelude [00:04]*
ii. Allemande [03:43]
iii. Courante [08:08]
iv. Sarabande [11:44]
v. Bourrée I & II [16:06]
vi. Gigue [21:08]
Peter Schmidt, cello
Granera (Barcelona), May 14, 2014
* Start time of each track
German-American cellist Peter Schmidt, born in Saarbrücken in 1983, is invited to play as soloist and chamber musician throughout Europe, the United States, Colombia and Mexico. He is a regular guest at international festivals such as Podium Festival Esslingen, the Festival Mas y Mas in Barcelona, Músics en Residència Alella, Encuentro de Musica de Camara UNICACH and Paaxfest in Mexico. In 2013 he recorded a CD with the works for cello and piano by Pablo Casals with pianist Katia Michel for the label Klassic Cat. He is artistic director of the chamber music festival Pòdium Internacional Matadepera, which took place for the first time in 2014. Peter performs as soloist with orchestras such as the Neue Philharmonie Westfalen, the Budweis Philharmonic Orchestra, the Konstanz University Orchestra, the Munich International Orchestra and the A-Orchester der Bundeswehr.
At the age of five he began his musical studies, first with piano lessons and three years later with cello lessons. At the age of 16 he was accepted into the class of Markus Wagner in the Musikhochschule Nürnberg-Augsburg. In 2007 he finished his studies at the Musikhochschule Munich with Wen-Sinn Yang and in 2010 received a chamber music degree with special honors from the Musikhochschule Detmold, where he studied with members of the Auryn Quartet. In 2012 he was awarded a prestigious Konzertexamen degree with special honors from the Robert-Schumann-Hochschule in Düsseldorf, where he studied with Gregor Horsch, principal cellist of the Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam. He has taken part in master classes with Claude Starck, Wolfgang Boettcher, Gustav Rivinius, Jens-Peter Maintz, Frans Helmersson, Eberhard Feltz, Menahem Pressler, Andras Schiff, Arnold Steinhardt and Ana Chumachenco among others.
Peter Schmidt combines his activities as a performer with those as a teacher. He was assistant teacher at the Master Classes for Chamber Music, Violin, Viola and Cello in Groznjan, Croatia in 2009. Since 2010 he has been invited on several occasions by the Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas, Mexico to give master classes and concerts; in 2012 he conducted a master class for cello and chamber music at the Conservatori del Liceu in Barcelona, in 2013 he gave classes at the Robert-Schumann-Hochschule Düsseldorf, substituting for his former teacher Gregor Horsch and in 2014 he was invited to give master classes at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia in Bogotá.
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Johann Sebastian Bach: Cello Suite No.3 in C major, BWV 1009 – Peter Schmidt
Johann Sebastian Bach: Cello Suite No.2 in D minor, BWV 1008 – Peter Schmidt
Johann Sebastian Bach: Cello Suite No.1 in G major, BWV 1007 – Peter Schmidt
Johann Sebastian Bach: 6 Suites for Cello Solo, BWV 1007-1012 – István Várdai (Audio video)